The Yilka native title claim was determined by Justice Neil McKerracher on 27 September 2017 at a ceremonial sitting of the Federal Court of Australia at Yilurn (Jutson Soak), west of the Cosmo Newberry Aboriginal community.
The claim was filed on 15 December 2008 and covers approximately 12,260 squared kilometres west of the town of Laverton, encompassing the Cosmo Newberry Aboriginal community and the Yamarna Pastoral Lease.
The claim was contested by the State of Western Australia and was litigated in the Federal Court of Australia.
On 29 June 2016 Justice McKerracher ruled in favour of the Yilka claim groups’ connection to the land, delivering a nearly one thousand-page judgment in the process. In reaching his decision the judge rejected the State’s argument that bringing a second claim over the same area was an abuse of process and also made a number of findings with regard to roads in the claim area, including the Great Central road.
On 22 June 2017 the Federal Court handed down a further decision, this time on the effect of an overlapping claim. Justice McKerracher ruled that the two claims be dealt with in one determination and represented by one Prescribed Body Corporate (PBC).
The common law holders recognised in the native title determination of 27 September 2017 have until 27 March 2018 to nominate a PBC.
|Federal Court of Australia Summary|
|Title:||Harvey Murray on behalf of the Yilka Native Title Claimants v The State of Western Australia|
|Applicant Names:||Harvey Murray|
|Application type:||Claimant Application|
|Date filed:||15 December 2008|
|FCA No:||WAD 297 of 2008|
|National Native Title Tribunal Summary|
|Register of NT claims:||Registered|
|Area Description/Location:||Shire of Laverton, Western Australia|
|Claim area size (approximate):||12, 260 km2|
|Notification Status:||Notification complete.|
|Notification closing date:||8 December 2009|
|Determination type:||Litigated Determination|
|Tribunal file no:||WC2008/005|
|Federal Court file no:||WAD297/2008|
|Judgement:||Murray on behalf of the Yilka Native Title Claimants v State of Western Australia (No 5)  FCA 752; Murray on behalf of the Yilka Native Title Claimants v State of Western Australia (No 6)  FCA 703|
|Determination Date:||27 September 2017
|NT rights and interests recognised:||The nature and extent of the native title rights and interests in relation to each part of the Determination Area referred to in Schedule 4 is the right of possession, occupation, use and enjoyment of that part as against the whole world.The nature and extent of the native title rights and interests in relation to each part of the Determination Area referred to in Schedule 5 are the following rights or interests:
(a) the right to access, to remain in and to use that part for any purpose;
(b) the right to access and take for any purpose resources of that part; and
(c) the right to maintain and protect places and objects of significance in or on that part.
|Nominated Prescribed Body Corporate:||The common law holders have until 27 March 2018 to nominate a Prescribed Body Corporate|
|PBC Contact details:||TBA|
The Yilka native title claim is registered with the National Native Title Tribunal on the Register of Native Title Claims (RNTC). Pursuant to s 190(4)(da) of the Native Title Act those areas where it has been determined that native title exists will remain on the RNTC until a Prescribed Body Corporate is nominated in relation to those areas and registered on the National Native Title Register.
Any access to the area is regulated by the future acts process according to the Native Title Act.
The Yilka native title claim area is also the subject of Use and Benefit Aboriginal Reserves 25051, 22032, 25050 and 20396 (Aboriginal Reserves). Access to Aboriginal Reserves is gained through an entry permit under the Aboriginal Affairs Planning Authority Act. An entry permit under the Aboriginal Affairs Planning Authority Act will not be granted without the consent of the Yilka claimants.
For more information, please see the page detailing Aboriginal Reserves within the Central Desert Region for the types of entry permits required on Aboriginal Reserves.
Access onto Yilka native title determination area and Aboriginal Reserves for mining or petroleum tenure purposes
Applicants or holders of mineral or petroleum titles are required to seek native title consents to gain access onto native title land.
A Mining Entry Permit and Consent to Mine will also be required under the Aboriginal Affairs Planning Authority Act and the Mining Act or Petroleum and Geothermal Energy Resources Act in relation to accessing the Aboriginal Reserves for the purpose of mineral or petroleum activities.
Exploration and prospecting mineral and petroleum titles
The Yilka claim group have developed a standard Mineral Exploration and Land Access Deed of Agreement and a standard Petroleum Exploration and Land Access Deed of Agreement with the purpose of protecting cultural heritage sites and areas of cultural significance during the conduct of exploration or prospecting activities. The Deeds of Agreement deal with access to native title lands and Aboriginal Reserves.
Other mineral and petroleum titles
Agreements for access and grant of other mineral and petroleum title applications are dealt with on a case-by-case basis.
Access onto Yilka native title determination area and Aboriginal Reserves for non-mining and petroleum tenure purposes
All non-mining/petroleum titles on determined native title lands require an application to be made to the relevant government department and the requisite notifications to be made under the future acts process in the Native Title Act.
Please contact the relevant government department for information on this process.
Applicants or holders of all non-mining tenure will require native title consents and Permits under the Aboriginal Affairs Planning Authority Act to gain access to the claim area and Aboriginal Reserves.
Access onto Yilka native title determination area and Aboriginal Reserves for other purposes
Transit Permits are required to traverse all areas within the Aboriginal Reserves, including the Great Central Road.
Please contact our Future Acts Officer should you wish to access the Yilka determination area, have any queries in relation to Land Access on the Yilka determination area or wish to obtain a copy of the relevant Deed of Agreement.